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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 113-118

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and rehabilitation medicine residents in the Americas


1 International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine – World Youth Forum, Milan, Italy; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Miami/Jackson Health System, Miami, USA
2 International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine – World Youth Forum, Milan; Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Catanzaro “Magna Graecia”, Cantanzaro, Italy
3 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Chile Clinical Hospital, Santiago, Chile
4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Plaza de la Salud General Hospital/Universidad Iberoamericana, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
5 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National University of Colombia, Bogota D.C, Colombia
6 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virgen de la Puerta Hospital – Essalud, Trujillo, Peru
7 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of San Carlos of Guatemala/Gautemalan Institute of Social Security, Guatemala City, Guatemala
8 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Clinics Hospital - University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil
9 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Social Security of Ecuador State Hospital/Specialty Hospital Teodoro Maldonado Carbo, Guayaquil, Ecuador
10 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Autonomous University of Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
11 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Regional Hospital “1° de Octubre”/National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, México
12 Complejo Hospitalario Dr. Arnulfo Arias Madrid/Caja de Seguro Social, Panamá, Panamá
13 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Bolivian Rehabilitation Institute, La Paz, Bolivia
14 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica
15 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Burke Rehabilitation Hospital, New York, USA
16 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Children's hospital Sister María Ludovica - La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
17 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hopsital of Rehablitation Manuel Rocca - Caba, Buenos Aires, Argentina
18 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clínica de Rehabilitación “Raquel”/Hospital Regional 1o Octubre, Oaxaca, México
19 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, British Hospital/Rehabilitation Clinic Las Araucarias/San Martin University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
20 Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation, and Sports Medicine, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manoj K Poudel
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Miami/Jackson Health System, 1611 NW 12th Ave, Miami, FL 33136

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JISPRM-000112

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Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) specialty globally. The effects of this pandemic on PRM residents in 14 countries of the Americas are described in this study. Materials and Methods: This study is based on the international survey done by the World Youth Forum of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. The cross-sectional data obtained were analyzed for a point-of-view study (August 2020). Results: PRM residents reported multiple challenges in their training program including mental health issues during the pandemic. In all the countries, there was either complete or partial closure of services provided by PRM specialists at the height of the crisis. In some areas, there was a necessity to temporarily transform the rehabilitation service into a COVID-19 unit and to assign residents to medical and intensive care units. Residency programs in 13 countries introduced virtual lectures and examinations. The duration of residency will probably increase in three countries, may not be affected in another six, and is still undetermined in five. The specialty licensing examination was temporally suspended/postponed in four countries, administered in a modified way in one, and has not been affected yet in four. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected the training of PRM residents in the Americas. Despite the efforts to overcome this, the residents need more support including well-being programs. Every country and training program should continue to evolve to adapt to the crisis and anticipate additional challenges in the near future.


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